Voyageurs

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a group of men riding on the back of a boat in rough water with paddles
Canadian Voyageurs on the job. By illustration artist, John Mantha
an old black and white drawing of people in a room
In 1534, Jacques Cartier set sail under a commission from King Francis I of France, hoping to discover a western passage to the wealthy markets of Asia. In the words of the king's commission, he was "to discover certain islands and lands where it is said that a great quantity of gold and other precious things are to be found". Starting on May 10 of that year, he explored parts of Newfoundland, the areas now known as the Canadian Atlantic provinces and the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
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The Canadian Atlas Online – Fur Trade - Historical Atlas of Canada
The Canadian Atlas Online – Fur Trade (1720-1780) - Historical Atlas of Canada
a painting of a man walking with two dogs on a snowy field in front of him
This site is an amazing resource for learning about the Fur Trade in Canada
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Serena Williams, the french lesson at Roland Garros
Serena Williams Speaks French!
black and white photograph of people in a boat
The History of the Canoe at CanadianIcons.ca
Canadian Icons - History of the Canoe in Canada
the flag of france with an emblem on it's front and back side,
Acadian Genealogy Homepage; Acadian and French-Canadian Specialty Crests/Shields
Proud to be Acadian Acadian Genealogy Homepage; Acadian and French-Canadian Specialty Crests/Shields
two wolfs with their mouths open in front of the sky and stars above them
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Canada fur trade Michigan, Minnesota, American Ancestry, North American, Countries Of The World
Canada fur trade
an assortment of old wooden barrels and buckets
Fur trade cargo. MUS OF FUR TRADE
a group of people riding in a boat on a foggy day
Epoch Multimedia
The Canadian Fur Trade -- HBCo 'Montreal Canoe'
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Coin Value: Token ~ Jeton: US North West Company 1820
North West Company (Canada) out of Montreal. Token 1820 | north company west token northwest beaver commerce canada leaf head type tokens toke western ouest usa ...
three men in hats and coats are sitting at a bench, one is holding a hat
The Canadian Encyclopedia
Canadian voyageurs of the North West Company (etching by Captain Basil Hall, courtesy Library and Archives Canada/C9461).
a man is sitting in a canoe on the water
Birch Bark Canoe
18 foot Fur-Trade style birch bark canoe with typical painted decoration and fancy root sewng on bows . This type of bark canoe was built from the 1600s to the early 1900s by both Indian and French craftsmen for Canadian government and military purposes ,as well as for the fur-trade
an old illustration of men in native american clothing talking to one another and a dog laying on the ground
The First Nations contributed to the fur trade by giving the Europeans pemmican they were also the guides for them and repairing canoes driving the canoes for the traders and hunted animals for the Europeans. The natives were also trappers and middle men in the trade. Fur trade began in 1670 when the HBC was formed and lasted till the 19th century. The fur trade took place in Rupert's land and the Northwest. The fur trade took away the land animals the way how Aboriginal people lived in Canada.
an old book page with different types of writing on it and some type of paper
These birch bark canoes are at the superb Canadian Canoe Museum in Peterborough, Ontario. [Canada] They display an unbelievable array of canoes at this museum. There is absolutely no place like it - well worth the visit.
a drawing of people in a boat on the water with waves and clouds above them
Racing the Storm. A Montreal freight canoe caught out on the big lake by a summer storm could only race for a protected landing, hoping to outpace the storm and the rising waves. This was not a spectator sport..All text and images © 2013, Kenspeckle Letterpress
an old wooden canoe with animals painted on it
Birch bark canoe art
an animal that is standing in the grass near some bushes and weeds, with its head down on it's hind legs
Beaver (Castor canadensis) is a primarily nocturnal, large, semi-aquatic rodent that was the main quarry in the lucrative fur trade of the 17th to the 19th centuries.
an aerial view of several islands in the middle of water with trees on both sides
La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve Québec over 13,615 km. Named in honor of the explorer who discovered the Rocky Mountains, La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve was once the fur trade territory of the Algonquin and the coureurs de bois, then home to lumberjacks, log drivers & raftsmen, who came to exploit the immense riches of the forests.
an image of a painting of people on boats in the water with one man holding a flag
Groups
1805: Sacajawea interprets Lewis and Clark's intentions to the Chinook Indians. Sacajawea, a young Shoshone Indian was married to French Canadian fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau who was acting as the expedition's guide across the Rocky Mountains in Oregon Country. Original Artist - Charles Russell (Photo by MPI/Getty Images)
a stamp with an image of people in a boat
Marquette was assigned to New France (Quebec) in 1666 as a missionary to the indigenous peoples. He learned to converse with the Huron and others. In 1668, Père Marquette is moved to missions farther up the St. Lawrence River in the western Great Lakes region right up to Sault Ste. Marie in present-day Michigan and Ontario in 1668.
a group of people riding in a boat on top of water
Arthur Heming - Canadian Voyageurs, c. 1900-10 Royal Ontario Museum. Patterned on Ojibway and Algonquin styles, the eight-metre North Canoe was built of birch, birchbark, white cedar, and spruce. In fur trade use it would carry about two tons of freight, two passengers, and six paddlers. They averaged 30 miles run to the Pacific or Arctic from Ft William could take three months.
an old painting of men in canoes on the water with flags flying above them
Champlain in Georgian Bay 1615 by JD Kelly. In 1614 Champlain formed the "Compagnie des Marchands de Rouen et de Saint-Malo" and "Compagnie de Champlain", which bound the Rouen and Saint-Malo merchants for eleven years.
a painting of people in canoes going down a river
Old Currier and Ives 1860 print: "Voyageurs" [as in the Canadian fur trade]
an image of a painting of people in the snow with animals and men around them
Jacques Cartier [ca1534] Canada’s first recorded Xmas at Stadacona. on the St Lawrence River. Iroquois cedar tea (’tisane d’anneda’) to ward off scurvy.
an oil painting of people in canoes on the water
Frederic Remington [1861-1909] painting of of explorers Radisson and Groseilliers. In 1665 Radisson and Des Groseilliers went to London, England to visit King Charles II who authorized an expedition that went well enough that the King agreed to grant Hudson's Bay Company a charter. Radisson and Des Groseilliers continue with the company until 1674, when they switched back to the French side.
a painting of a woman sitting next to a donkey
Pierre | The Walters Art Museum
"Pierre" by Alfred Jacob Miller (1858-1860) at the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore - While the artist was an American, the subject of this painting was actually a 17-year-old French-Canadian fur trader, shown here with "his buckskin shirt, his hat decorated with turkey feathers and a fox-tail brush, and holding his treasured pipe". According to the description on another painting at the same museum, Pierre was eventually killed by a wounded buffalo.
an illustration of men in canoes on the water with trees and rocks behind them
Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette were French Canadian explorers known for their discoveries in North America. Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest and missionary, were the first non-Natives to explore and map much of the Mississippi River in 1673. Much of these great explorations were done by canoe.
an old illustration of a man in a boat with birds on his head and other people around him
An illustration [depiction] of Jacques Marquette on their explorations from Canada [New France] and on down the Mississippi River in 1673.
a painting of a man wearing a hat
Louis Jolliet, French Canadian explorer.
a painting of men in canoes on the water
Part II. Samuel de Champlain (c.1570-1635) He returned in 1608, founded Quebec, and established the first white settlement in New France. In 1609, he reached Lake Champlain in New York; later, mapped Lake Huron, and made this part of North America known to the world. He was governor of New France in 1626; his collected "Works," published in 1622-36, remain a great account of conquest and exploration.
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Samuel de Champlain [1574 – 1635), "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements.
an image of two men standing next to each other in front of trees and leaves
Jacques Cartier arrives in Gaspe [Canada] 1535
the canadian explorer's guide to canada
Canoe and Voyageurs Canadian Exploration - John Mantha illustration
a group of people riding on the back of a boat in rough water with waves
Shooting the Rapids, 1879 by Frances Anne Hopkins (1838-1919) Canadian History
an oil painting of people camping on the shore
Voyageurs at Dawn, 1871 by Frances Anne Hopkins (1838-1919) Canadian History
a group of people in a canoe with an orange boat on the water near a waterfall
Canoe Manned by Voyageurs Passing a Waterfall (Ontario, Canada), 1869, by Frances Anne Hopkins
an oil painting of native americans and their dog
Iroquois Confederacy Constitution ***
The Iroquois - the "Five Nations" - included the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca; in 1722, the Tuscarora made it Six Nations. The Iroquois were bitter enemies of the French, but friendly with the British and Dutch, and carried on a lucrative trade for European goods, guns, lead, and powder. It was a league uniting formerly warring nations. The Iroquois were feared, and waged a destructive war against the Huron and other nations allied with the French, seeking to dominate the fur trade.
several fur coats hanging from hooks in a room
Animal Pelts Fur Trading Post Manitoba | Photo, Information
Photo of animal pelts lined up at an historic fur trading post in Manitoba, Canada.
this is an old drawing of steamboats on the water
Winnipeg From St. Boniface Ferry Landing [1882]
Winnipeg From St. Boniface Ferry Landing [1882] Grant, George Monro. Winnipeg From St. Boniface Ferry Landing [pictorial work]. In: George Monro Grant. Picturesque Canada. Art Publishing, [1882], p. 286. Image Courtesy of University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections
a painting of a boat full of people in the water with trees on either side
Voyageurs [Coer de Bois] on a Canadian northwest river by artist William Wallace Armstrong ca 1860s
an old black and white drawing of a man with long hair wearing a medieval outfit
French explorer Samuel de Champlain
a map with the names of different towns
Exploration routes of some of Canada's noted explorers.
an oil painting of native americans and their children in front of a teepee tent
Métis - Wikipedia
The Trapper's Bride by Alfred Jacob Miller - 1837. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many British and French-Canadian fur traders married First Nations and Inuit women, mainly First Nations Cree, Ojibwa, or Saulteaux. The majority of these fur traders were Scottish, French and Catholic. Therefore, their children, the Métis, were exposed to both the Catholic and indigenous belief systems, thus creating a new distinct aboriginal people in North America.
an elaborately decorated beaded necklace on display
native-american-market.com
The rugged early fur traders exchanged countless millions of these glass trade beads for vast fortunes in valuable furs. The beads, in turn, became a source of wealth and prestige among the Indians and were frequently traded among the various bands and tribes, following ancient Indian trade routes.
a painting of a man standing next to another man in front of a lake and forest
Articles | Encyclopédie du patrimoine culturel de l'Amérique française – histoire, culture, religion, héritage
Out of Quebec, Fur trade explorer La Vérendrye at Lake of the Woods, [now northern Ontario] by Arthur H. Hider. Fur-trading tradition and the birth of the Métis Nation.
a group of people riding on the back of a boat in rough water with waves
Contact & Conflict: First Nations, French, & English in Canada
Canadian Fur Traders of a Hudson's Bay Company Fur trade brigade (by Frances Anne Hopkins)
a statue of a man holding a cane in front of a building
Louis Jolliet - Wikipedia
Louis Jolliet (September 21, 1645 – last seen May 1700), also known as Louis Joliet, was a Canadian explorer known for his discoveries in North America. Jolliet and Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest and missionary, were the first Europeans to explore and map much of the Mississippi River in 1673.
an old black and white drawing of people in a store
Contact & Conflict: First Nations, French, & English in Canada
Canada's First Peoples site- Contact & Conflict: First Nations, French, & English people in Canada. Use art works and artifacts to spark inquiry or explore perspective.
two men in uniform standing next to each other with horses and people on the ground
Twa recruitin Sergeants
The French and Indian war broke out in 1754 to 1763. The reason was of the fur trade and for land. The French, British, and Indians fought in this war. The important battles of the war were Fort necessity, Fort Duquesne, and Montreal. The war ended by Montreal giving up and the English won. The Treat of Paris was signed in 1763 to officially end the war.
a painting of two men dressed in native american clothing walking through the snow with other people behind them
Coureur de bois [runners of the woods], Canadian fur trade, HBCo
an old black and white drawing of people standing around barrels
The Métis - A New Canadian Nation
French traders at trading post with native woman and child.
an old suitcase sitting on top of a wooden floor next to a wall with writing on it
Colonial Michilimackinac – Sites and Stories
Voyageur Fur Bales ready for transport Fort William Historical Park
a man reading a book in front of a map
Robert Cavelier de La Salle, an early French explorer of Eastern Canada and Eastern United States, especially along the Mississippi River. In the US history books, he is considered "the greatest of the French explorers in North America"
a book cover with an image of people in a boat
Birchbark Brigade: A Fur Trade History
Birchbark Brigade: A Fur Trade History #HBC
an illustration of men in native american clothing standing near a body of water and people sitting on the grass
The Fur Trade was the impetus for the expansion of British and French colonies in Canada.